Indonesia is a country rich in nature and culture. As a country crossed by the equator line of Indonesia not only offers the charm of its natural beauty that is already famous to various parts of the world, Indonesia also has a cultural diversity from Sabang to Merauke. Indonesia, Indonesian Culture Facts, itself is listed as one of the richest countries of cultural diversity in the world.
Some Indonesian cultures have also been recognized by the world and have been recorded by UNESCO, not even a few foreign nationals who are interested in the rich culture of Indonesia and do not hesitate to spend to stay in Indonesia, Indonesian Culture Facts, to learn the culture that admired this.
Wayang is a performing arts played by a dalang and is usually accompanied by gamelan music and the melodious voice of a Sinden. The story told in wayang plays, Indonesian Culture Facts, usually revolves around the story of the punakawan like Petruk, Semar, Bagong, and Gareng.
Wayang has been recognized by UNESCO as a cultural heritage of the Indonesian nation in 2003 and has been widely recognized by the world community. Even now many foreigners who participate in studying the arts that come from this Javanese land, usually the Foreigners (WNA) who are interested in this art will live in certain areas to study the art of puppet, Indonesian Culture Facts, as a student or directly on a famous and qualified puppeteer.
Angklung is a musical instrument of traditional art from West Java pitched double which is played by way shaken. This instrument is made of bamboo. Angklung Indonesia has been officially recognized by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage on January 19, 2011. The certificate was handed over by former Ambassador of Indonesia to UNESCO, Indonesian Culture Facts, Tresna Dermawan Kunaefi to the Minister of National Education at that time, Muhammad Nuh.
In addition to being a cultural heritage of Indonesian musical instruments favored by most of the Angklung circles were apparently favored abroad, countries such as Korea, Japan, and Malaysia have introduced angklung to school-age children in their respective countries part of Indonesian Culture Facts.
Keris is a traditional weapon from Indonesia that is believed to contain magical or supernatural powers. Keris is commonly used by members of the kingdom as a sacred heritage weapon. Keris itself has been used in Indonesia since the 9th century, the keris is made of quality metal, even for ancient keris, Indonesian Culture Facts, many found made of meteor metals that fall down.
According to ancient Keris researchers at least containing titanium metal elements, a new material in the 20th century was used as a vehicle coating material for outer space. Keris own handle is usually made of bones, wood, or animal horns. UNESCO, Indonesian Culture Facts, also recognized Keris as “Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity” on 25 November 2005.
Saman Dance is a dance derived from Gayo tribe that is usually displayed to celebrate important events in local customs. The poetry used in Saman dance uses a mixture of Arabic and Gayo languages. In some references mention that Saman dance in Aceh was founded and developed by Syekh Saman, Indonesian Culture Facts, a scholar who came from a Gayo area in Southeast Aceh.
Saman’s dance includes being one of the most unique dances, because it only displays the clapping of other movements without shifting and sniffing other limbs and legs, Indonesian Culture Facts, the name of this Saman dance movement is shaking, kirep, lingang, filter (all names of saman dance movements in Gayo language).
The Saman Dance of Gayo Lues and its surroundings in the province of Aceh is officially recognized and included in the list of non-object cultural heritage that requires urgent protection of UNESCO at the annual grand session attended by more than 500 delegation members from 69 countries, Indonesian Culture Facts, international NGOs, cultural and media experts in Bali on 22 – 29 November 2011
Reog Ponorogo is one of Indonesia’s cultural heritage derived from East Java, Reog Ponorogo is one of the traditional arts in the form of dance which until now is still maintained by the local people sustainability. As a famous area as the home town of reog, ponorogo, the gate of this city is decorated by two figures that usually appear in the show reog, Indonesian Culture Facts, the figure of Warok and Gemblak.
In staging Reog Ponorogo there is no definite dance and patent scenarios, usually reog artists staged based on scenes that have been studied with additional motion of swinging the head of reog, sometimes reog staging also include the audience, reog players sometimes interact with the audience, Indonesian Culture Facts, of course by always paying attention to the instructions of the player and the dalang.
Satisfaction of the audience is mandatory in staging reog, scene after scene staged with slick by reog dancers like lion barong scene which is a scene that is favored by the audience, this scene is a reog player wearing a lion head-shaped mask with a crown made of peacock feathers, which can weigh up to 50-60 kilograms. Reog show using a mask brought by dancers using teeth. In addition to requiring strong physical and exercise, Indonesian Culture Facts, is also believed to bring load strength by a reog dancer obtained from spiritual practice in the form of fasting and asceticism.
Kecak dance is a traditional dance originating from Bali, this dance is also commonly referred to as “cak” dance or fire dance. Kecak dance is a dance that is usually performed as a massively displayed dance and dance entertainment in which there are elements of drama. The classification of kecak dance as a sendratari because of the whole kecak dance performance will illustrate the role of the puppet story such as the role of Rama and Sinta. This dance, Indonesian Culture Facts, is also specially used for a religious ritual of Hindu society in Bali.
Dances are also considered as religion and religious ceremonies, kecak dance is also secured by showing the physical immunity of the dancers who are not burning a fire. Unlike other traditional dance, Indonesian Culture Facts, kecak use shouts rang “cak cak to cak cak to” as musical accompaniment so that this big dance with the name of kecak dance.
One of the most famous dance performances from the archipelago is a Barong dance from Bali. Barong itself is a typical Balinese dance that has existed since the civilization of pre Hindu culture. This dance illustrates the fight between good and evil. Barong, Indonesian Culture Facts, as a symbol of goodness against Rangda which is a symbol of evil.
Ramayana Ballet is a combination of dance performances as well as staging drama without dialogue, this dance is lifted from the story of wayang Ramayana. Ramayana Ballet was first staged in 1961 at Prambanan Temple every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. The performance is very artistic because it is on an open stage with panoramic view of Prambanan Temple part of Indonesian Culture Facts.
Pendet dance was originally a dance performed by a woman who performed as a worship activity in the temple, until finally Pendet dance began to grow very rapidly and made a dance symbolizing welcoming the descent of the gods to the world. Along with the development of the era, Indonesian Culture Facts, the pendet dance that was once a symbol of welcoming the gods progressed into a welcome dance for guests as a welcome greeting.
Batik is one of Indonesia’s famous cultural heritage in foreign countries, everyone in Indonesia at least has batik clothes in the closet, in preparation for attending a variety of formal events. Batik itself is produced from a very unique way of writing hot wax onto the fabric using Canting. Batik, Indonesian Culture Facts, has been known since Majapahit Kingdom and continues to grow until, now with a variety of motives and creations.
The song sayang-sanyange is a regional song from Maluku. The song is used as a hereditary phrase that signifies a sense of affection for the brotherhood and the environment among the people of Maluku. This song, Indonesian Culture Facts, is actually a simple rhythm, but it gives a joy to the person who sings it, in the last stanza of this song is also tucked a phenomenal pantun “if there is a well in the field, may we ride bath, if there is longevity, may we meet again”.
This song may be very familiar to our ears as a regional song from Betawi, by some groups believed to be born and developed by the Chinese descent tribe in Jakarta area through Gambang Kromong traditional music. Jali jali itself is a kind of shrubs that always exist in the yard of Betawi people in general, therefore, since childhood, of course Betawi people are familiar with the Jali Jali part of Indonesian Culture Facts.
Debus is one of the martial arts originated from Banten, this martial action is believed to have existed since the 16th century, but at that time Debus is an art of the combination of sound and dance. This attraction began to flourish in the 18th century. The game show was very diverse, start piercing the stomach with sharp objects, slicing the body with a knife, piercing the tongue, burning them with fire, and others part of Indonesian Culture Facts.
Karapan Sapi is a culture that has become a tradition to raise one’s social status. Moreover, Madurese city has dry land make the society move from the farmer’s profession become a fisherman. Madurese utilizes the income from seawater to produce quality salt, making Madura city known as salt income in Indonesia. Karapan Sapi or cow race has a track of 100 meters and who quickly reached the finish line he is the champion part of Indonesian Culture Facts.