The day commemorated on every June 1st is the turning point of the determination of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. Through many processes of formation of Pancasila, Indonesia Basic Facts, formulation by formula, unite some opinions, and accept the aspirations of the people gave birth to the Ideology and the foundation of the Indonesian state called Pancasila.
The basis of the state is the philosophy of the state which is domiciled as the source of all sources of law. The philosophy of the state or the foundation of the state becomes a life attitude, Indonesia Basic Facts, a view of life in society, nation and the state.
A little history before the formation of Pancasila, originated from the colonization of the Indonesian people by the Portuguese nation in 1511 which then followed by two countries namely Spain and also England who also participated colonize Indonesia. This was the beginning of the downturn of the Indonesian nation at that time. And worse, Indonesia Basic Facts, coupled with the arrival of the Dutch in 1596 which then continued with the establishment of the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) precisely on March 20, 1602 which aims to control trade in the Asian region.
On 9 March 1942, the Dutch occupation of Indonesia ended. The end of colonial rule of the Dutch East Indies without cause or often called unconditional surrender. The Dutch surrender unconditionally to the Japanese army who was the last occupier of the State of Indonesia , Indonesia Basic Facts, before finally ceasing to colonize Indonesia as its troops defeated against the allies.
Previously, on September 7, 1944, Japan had promised independence to the State of Indonesia in the future if Indonesia would help them to fight against the allies. On April 29, 1945 Japan again promised. However, Indonesia Basic Facts, the promise given in Japan this time is an unconditional promise of independence. It is listed in the Supreme Civil Authority of the Japanese Military Government in Java and Madura or often called the Gunseikan.
After that incident, in the form of the Agency for Investigation of Preparation of Indonesian Independence (BPUPKI) on 29 April 1945 and was inaugurated on May 28, 1945. This body is responsible for collecting proposals which are then conveyed to the Japanese government for related considerations Indonesian independence. In addition, Indonesia Basic Facts, this is also the starting point of the formation of Pancasila as the ideology and the basis of the State.
Immediately after the inauguration, BPUPKI held its first session the day after the inauguration that is from 29 May to 1 June 1945. These two figures, Muhammad Yamin and Ir. Sukarno proposed the formation, Indonesia Basic Facts, of the basis of the State.
In his proposal Muhammad Yamin, he expresses orally the candidate of the state base among which is; Elves of Nationality, Elven of Humanity, Fairy God, People’s Fairy, and People’s Welfare. In addition, in writing Muhammad Yamin also proposed among others; Belief in the One and Only, Unity of Indonesia, A Just and Civilized Humanity Taste, Democracy Led by Wisdom of Wisdom in Consultation / Representation, Social Justice for All Indonesians that all Indonesia Basic Facts.
Then Ir. Soekarno in his speech, on June 1, 1945, proposed the basic candidates of the State, namely: Nationalism, Internationalism (Humanitarian), Mufakat Our Democracy, Social Welfare, Believing Deity. The five things are then named Pancasila which means Panca = Five and Sila = Principles that come from Sanskrit that all Indonesia Basic Facts.
The five points that triggered by Ir. Soekarno, had an impact on the establishment of the Nine Committees consisting of Ir. Soekarno (chairman), Drs. Mohammad Hatta (vice chairman), Mr. Alexander Andries Maramis (member), Abikoesno Tjokrosoejoso (member), Abdoel Kahar Moezakir (member), H. Agus Salim (member), Mr. Achmad Soebardjo (member), Wachid Hasjim (member). The Nine Committees are responsible for re-formulating Pancasila, Indonesia Basic Facts, that Soekarno has sparked in his speech.
On June 22, 1945, the Nine Committees together with BPUPKI held a meeting that resulted in the formulation of the Basic Law or often called the Jakarta Charter in which the proposal for the followers of Islam must run the Islamic Shariah, Indonesia Basic Facts, which was then officially discussed on July 10 and 14 1945.
On August 17, 1945 afternoon, it turns out Ir. Soekarno visited by high-ranking officials of Maluku, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, and Kalimantan. Their arrival to express an objection to the formulation that says that adherents of Islam are obliged to implement Islamic law. The Islamists had objected to this. However, Indonesia Basic Facts, once discussed again, then the sentence is changed to “Belief in the One God”.
After some time, President Soekarno decided to enact the Constitution, which was passed on August 18 to replace the provisional constitution (UUDS) which made the State become less stable at that time. Following the reuse of the 1945 Constitution, Pancasila, Indonesia Basic Facts, in the preamble of the Constitution is the official formulation of Pancasila which is also Pancasila which exists today.
Pancasila is the foundation of the state of Indonesia. In the 1945 Constitution of the 4th Alenia, the Pancasila text is, Indonesia Basic Facts: Belief in the Almighty, a just and civilized Humanity, the Unity of Indonesia, Democracy led by the wisdom of wisdom in deliberation / representation, Social justice for all Indonesians .
Garuda Pancasila is the symbol of the state of Indonesia. In the picture of the eagle, in the eagle’s neck there are pictures hanging in a shield, which symbolizes Pancasila, Indonesia Basic Facts, namely: Stars: Belief in the One, Steel Chain: Just and civilized humanity, Ganyu Tree: Indonesian Unity, Head of the Bull: Democracy led by the wisdom policy in deliberation / representation, Rice and Cotton: Social justice for all Indonesian people.